Have you been suffering from acne for some time? If you believe that this situation is inevitable and that the only thing to do is to wait for time to pass, then you are wrong. There are effective treatments that can improve the situation and avoid the unfortunate consequences of acne.
ACNE: ONE PROBLEM, SEVERAL SOLUTIONS
Acne is a widespread skin problem. Up to 80% of adolescents have it, especially boys. Acne, like diabetes or asthma, can have many repercussions on the person affected. Indeed, a decrease in self-esteem, social isolation, anxiety, depression, as well as difficulties in finding a job is all possible consequences related to acne. To avoid such situations and to prevent scarring, which can also result, treatment should be started as soon as possible.
In general, the treatment of acne is more natural in adolescents than in adults. Several measures can be put forward to make the skin look better.
CLEAN YOUR SKIN WELL: A BASIC GESTURE
Cleaning the skin is the first step in treatment. Affected areas should be gently cleaned twice a day with warm water and a mild, unscented cleanser.
There are many cleansing products in pharmacies, some of which are specially designed for the specific needs of acne-prone skin. Consult your pharmacist or cosmetician for the choice of one of these.
Here are some additional tips for cleaning the skin:
- Do not wash it more than twice a day. This can irritate it and make the problem worse.
- Take care to rinse the skin thoroughly after cleaning it.
- Do not rub the skin too hard when you dry it. Tap it lightly with a clean towel.
- Cleanse your skin after sweating or playing sports.
HYDRATION OF THE SKIN: A “MUST”
To stay healthy, your skin must be well hydrated. Dry, dehydrated skin defends itself by increasing sebum production, which worsens acne. Again, it would be wise to seek advice before choosing a product. In general, look for a moisturizer that has the following characteristics:
Several moisturizing products available in pharmacies are specially designed for acne-prone skin.
TREATMENT OF MILD ACNE
If your acne is in the form of small white or red pimples, you probably have mild acne. In this case, topical products (which can be applied to the skin) will undoubtedly be your best allies and are also sold without a prescription at the pharmacy.
The active agents most often used in anti-acne formulations are salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide. Products containing it have been proven to treat mild acne. They exist in different forms: gel, lotion, cream, foam, etc. If your skin is dry or sensitive, the choice of a cream or lotion is preferable since it also hydrates the skin. Conversely, if your skin is oily, alcohol-based solutions or gels are to be preferred since they are more drying.
It is important to remember that these products must be applied regularly for several weeks to be active. Also, one must treat the entire area where the acne is located and not just one pimple at a time. The skin may become irritated following the use of these products. In this case, temporarily reducing the frequency of application (every other day, for example) can solve the problem. It is sometimes worth persisting because the irritation can disappear with prolonged use. If not, consider changing the product.
To get the most benefit from topical acne products, strictly follow the recommendations of your pharmacist and the manufacturer.
TREATMENT OF MODERATE OR SEVERE ACNE
In the presence of more severe acne, it is often best to consult a doctor. Untreated, it can lead to consequences like permanent scars. Here are some examples of signs that may indicate that you have severe acne:
- the large area of pimples on the face;
- larger, redder pus filled with pus or sensitive to touch;
- presence of cysts;
- presence of inflammation;
- inadequate response to primary care and use of topical over-the-counter medications;
- your back, shoulders, or chest are affected.
Treating severe acne often requires the use of prescribed medication. Again, patience is essential since these treatments also take several weeks to be effective. Your doctor and pharmacist can help you weigh the pros and cons of the different options available, which mainly include:
- oral or topical antibiotics;
- hormonal therapies (for example, some oral contraceptives);
- topical products based on retinoic acid derivatives;
- oral isotretinoin.
Your pharmacist can advise you on all aspects of the medication used to treat acne, including the expected benefits, side effects, precautions, and how to use them.
In many cases, mild acne can get back to normal without the need for medical consultation. Only careful skincare and the use of products available in pharmacies will restore healthier skin. However, do not neglect to consult if these measures are not sufficient or if your acne is more dangerous. Otherwise, you risk wearing the scars of your carelessness on your face for a long time!