Bacteria can live in the mouth as plaque and cause tooth decay and gum inflammation, which can lead to periodontitis (gum disease). To keep your mouth clean, you should practice good oral hygiene every day.

What is the badge?

The plate is an adhesive layer of material that contains bacteria that accumulate on the teeth, even where the brushes are not enough. Many of the foods you eat cause bacteria to produce acids in your mouth. Sweet foods are distinct sources of plaque, but others may not realize that they can be harmful. Starches such as bread, cookies and cereals also cause acid formation. Removal of a wisdom tooth

The plate also creates substances that irritate the gums, making them red, sensitive and prone to bleeding. This can lead to gum disease, where the gums detach from the teeth and form pouches filled with bacteria and pus. If the gums are left untreated, the bone around the teeth may be destroyed, and the teeth may come loose or need to be removed.

How can I get rid of plaque?

The best way to remove plaque is to brush and brush your teeth daily. Brushing removes plaque from tooth surfaces. Brush your teeth with a soft brush twice a day. The size and shape of your toothbrush should fit your mouth and allow you to reach all areas easily.

Use a fluoride-containing antimicrobial toothpaste that protects your teeth from tooth decay. Clean the interdental spaces once a day with dental floss or interdental cleaners to remove deposits between the teeth that the brush cannot reach. Dental floss is essential to prevent gum disease.

How can I brush my teeth and floss?

The American Dental Association recommends the following teeth brushing and flossing techniques:


• Place your toothbrush against your gums at a 45-degree angle.

• Gently move the brush back and forth with short movements (of the tooth).

• Brush the outer surfaces of the tooth, the inner surfaces of the tooth and the occlusal surfaces of the teeth.

• Use the tip of the brush to clean the inner surfaces of the front teeth with a slight movement from top to bottom.

• Brush your tongue to kill bacteria and refresh your breath.


• Break about 30 cm of floss and wrap it around the middle finger of each hand. Hold the wire firmly between your thumb and forefinger.

• Guide the dental floss by gently rubbing between the teeth.

• When the dental floss reaches the gum line, bend it in a C shape against a tooth. Gently push it into the space between your gums and tooth.

• Go to the contact point between the teeth and move the floss on the other side up or down to adjust the floss to the shape of the tooth.

• Hold the wire firmly against the tooth. Gently rub the side of the tooth and move the floss away from the gums with up and down movements.

• Repeat this method on the remaining teeth.

Can I clean my mouth with something else?

In addition to brushing and flossing daily, mouthwash can improve the cleanliness of your mouth. Antimicrobial mouthwashes reduce the activity of bacteria and plaque, leading to gingivitis and gum disease. Fluoride mouthwashes also help reduce and prevent tooth decay. Always tell your dentist about new products that you want to try. Not everyone should use a fluoride mouthwash. 

For example, fluoride rinses are not recommended for children who are six years or younger, as they can swallow them. Always read the manufacturer’s label for precautions and age recommendations and talk to your dentist about using a fluoride mouthwash.

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