Acne bothers one of the most common pathologies that affects almost 80% of adolescents and young adults between 11 and 30 years old, although the statistics show that adults also suffer from it.
The leading causes of acne are sebum hypersecretion, epidermal hyperproliferation, inflammation, and colonization of Propinobacterium Acne (bacteria). Of course, different factors influence them; stress, transition, adolescence, menstrual periods, the use of birth control pills, pregnancy, and diets.
Heat causes many conditions, such as excessively oily skin and acne, to worsen. That is why it is essential that during the hottest period, the treatment is different from the rest of the year.
Relationship between diet and oily skin
Perhaps you might think that the most refreshing food eaten during the heat can help decrease greasiness. This is because many people still have the belief that certain foods, such as chocolates and nuts, cause acne, but medical research has not been able to demonstrate this.
However, some studies on the relationship between eating habits and acne, concluded that foods that have simple carbohydrates lead to acne due to the glycemic nature of these diets.
A strange fact about acne, regarding food, is that people who have low levels of vitamin A and vitamin E in their blood tend to get acne and suffer much from this problem, compared to people who have higher levels of these two vitamins.
But you could say that acne is generally not the direct result of a specific type of eating habits.
Oily skincare during the hottest season
- Choose the lightest products. The rule could be “never use creams” since they are more gauze because they have a higher concentration of oil in their formulation (water in oil).
- Select the most suitable products. Choose the lightest, both in lotions and moisturizers. Heavier products tend to clog pores, making acne worse. Creams, milk and gels can be applied.
- Use non-comedogenic products, and these are the least likely to cause blackheads and blackheads.
- Clean the skin. Taking advantage of the moments when you are at home, away from the sun to remove the sunscreen, this can block the pores due to the heavy vehicle you have.
- Review the use of medications. If you are taking acne medications, speak to your dermatologist to make sure they are not at risk of hypersensitivity to the sun. The professional will probably decide to incorporate something different during the hottest months. Some of the topical and oral medications used to combat acne are associated with increased sensitivity to the sun; in this case, they should be adjusted to this season.
- Avoid humidity. It can make acne worse.
- Use suitable equipment during outdoor activities. Talk to the dermatologist about clothing; the effects of bicycle helmets, among others, can worsen the condition. On a hot day, it may be convenient to use medicated antibiotic wipes. Place them immediately after completing the routine. This is useful to decrease the presence of bacteria on the skin and the risk of acne breakouts.
Some frequently asked questions
Why do granites come out in summer?
In summer, the appearance of pimples and acne is usually intensified. This occurs because heat increases sebum production. Also, it breathes more, and that causes dust or environmental dirt to settle in a more significant amount in the face area. On the other hand, a large number of sunscreens have vehicles that have a fairly smeared consistency that favors the formation of oiliness.
How to remove a grain quickly?
There are over-the-counter products that contain benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, resorcinol, and sulfur that are effective in reducing the papules or pimples that become visible in acne. The ideal is always to go to the doctor, so he can make a correct diagnosis to start with the indicated treatment. Among these are topical antibiotics (applied directly to the affected areas of the skin), retinoids, benzoyl peroxide, and oral antibiotics, among others. These will be strong allies and can bailout as they improve the affected area.
How to prevent and combat oiliness?
With proper cleaning of the face that must be done carefully. Clean several times a day and wash with water (it can be thermal water).
There are mattifying creams that could be applied if you have pimples on your face during the summer since they act as sebum regulators. Also, with these products, the shine will disappear.
How should the summer skincare routine be adapted?
During the summer, profound dehydration of the skin can take place. As it becomes more sensitive, special care must be provided. All treatments that are aimed at avoiding dehydration, tightness, and dryness are valid.
What routine to implement?
- Maintain hydration; Using creams and masks allows you to combat the dehydrating effects of this season. Dry skin or those that show signs of aging are the ones that suffer the most.
- Sun filter; It is essential to use it every day, even if there is no sun exposure.
- creams; they must fulfill the function of “barrier” (avoid transdermal water loss), those containing silicones are very suitable. Also, silicone makeups help to reinforce this barrier.
- Do not forget to protect the entire body; lips, hands, knees, and elbows become parched.
- Remove make-up with soft products; it advises those who add hydration.
- Drink a lot of water; at least 2 liters.
- Regarding skin cleansing, Gel cleansers or mild milk on oily skin are suggested. Also, in these skins, some soap with neutral PH can be used; it can be liquid, stick, or antibacterial depending on the degree of oil or acne.
Can you use products with acids, such as glycolic, in summer?
Yes, since AHA glycolic acids (mandelic fruit acids, for example) are indicated for use during the summer. They must be applied in low concentrations at night. During the day, compensate with a moisturizing cream that replaces the hydrolipidic protective mantle. They should always be used under medical indication.
What to do when the heat reddens the face? What if the skin also becomes sensitive?
Avoid persistent exposure to sudden changes in temperature and the sun. Especially people who have redness or rosacea. In these cases, creams with chamomile, aloe vera, green tea, oatmeal, and witch hazel are indicated.
Any advice to keep your skin fresh in summer?
Take care of the sun as a first step. This means using sunscreen at least 30 on the body and 50+ in the neckline, face, and hands.
Carry out the cleaning routine with the appropriate products for each type of skin and moisturize correctly so that it does not lose moisture. Drink plenty of water, at least 2 liters, to maintain hydration.
There is no identical role model for all people
Every person is different, and while some say acne worsens in the heat, others say sunny weather helps improve skin. However, this should not be used as an excuse for too much sun that can lead to other problems.
The dermatologist should always be consulted about the behaviors to be adopted. This will ensure that the treatment regimen is adjusted to the activities and lifestyle that you have during the heat.
Do you feel identified with the note? Did you find it useful?
Research: Claudia Nóbilo
Advice: Dra. Dras. Vanina De Marco and Karina Nadur, SAD members, Medical Directors of ND Skin, Clinical Dermatology, and Aesthetics. Dr. Ezequiel Chouela, SAD Member, CEMIC doctor, director of the center that bears his name, Adriana Raimondi, dermatologist, SAD member, member of the American Academy of Dermatology, Director of D&ME. Read more Aloe vera, a miracle for the skin: