In diabetes, knowing glucose levels is essential to maintain control and avoid hiccups and hyperglycemia that can lead to more significant complications. Frequently one of the questions that people ask us is “what can be considered a very high glucose level”.
The medicinal goal is always to bring glucose levels as close as possible to the parameters considered normal.
But do you know what the typical sugar values are? With this simple guide you can answer it, or if you are a beginner have a reference for the recommended ranges of glucose.
What types of sugars exist?
There are different types of “sugars”. For our body to properly exercise all its functions, it needs glucose as a source of energy. Glucose is the degradation of the sugars we eat – in the form of fructose, lactose, and sucrose – through food.
How is blood sugar or glucose measured?
We commonly hear that people talk about “blood sugar” or “blood glucose” levels; both terms mean the same and can be used equally.
Depending on the country, the units for measuring glucose may be different. For example, in the United States, Mexico, and Spain, milligrams of glucose is used for every deciliter of blood (mg/dl). THE BEST 15 HEALTH AND EXERCISE TIPS
In other countries, such as the United Kingdom and Canada, glucose is measured in millimoles/liter (mmol / L). To make the conversion is straightforward, you have to multiply the (mg / dl) by 18 to get (mmol / L), or divide the (mmol / L) by 18 to convert them to (mg/dl).
What does it depend on my blood sugar to rise or fall? What are the average blood sugar levels?
Glucose levels vary throughout the day and depend on many factors, such as what you eat or the exercise you do. Even stress can affect your levels.
The glucose we measure when we get up is called “Basal Glucose”, it is the one where we are still fasting. For a person without diabetes, it is optimal to be in the range of 70–110 mg/dl.
However, it is normal that after eating the levels rise, and to regulate them, insulin is necessary. After 2 hours of eating it is measured again and this shot is called “Postprandial Glucose” and should be less than 140 mg/dl.
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends that if you have diabetes, your glucose levels before eating (Basal) should be between 80–130 mg/dl and after feeding (Postprandial) should be less than 180 mg/dl.
These numbers are referential, and your doctor will tell you over time what ranges work correctly for you and your diabetes. Remember that keeping yourself in range avoids hypo and hyperglycemia, which could cause more intricate complications.
For example, when glucose levels are too high for a long time, even years, they cause inflammation of the blood vessels and nerves. They may, together with other factors, lead to diabetic neuropathies.
What is glycosylated hemoglobin or HbA1c?
There is also another method that measures long-term glucose levels, and this test is called the Glycosylated Hemoglobin, HbA1c or A1c test.
The test results in the average readings over 2 to 3 months. HbA1c is expressed as a percentage, and what is considered normal for a person without diabetes would be less than 5.7%, and the recommendation made by the ADA for those with diabetes would be less than 7.0%.
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