None of us like the look of dead, scaly skin! Although it is not a severe illness, it can be a problem for some of you. The key to removing dry, uneven skin is regular exfoliation. Scroll down for more information.
What is peeling?
The top layer (epidermis) of your skin falls off naturally every 30 days or so. This process reveals new, healthy, rejuvenated skin underneath. However, sometimes dead skin cells do not lose completely, which leads to dry spots and scaly-looking skin.
The peeling removes the oldest dead cells from the outermost layer of skin. This process brings new healthy cells to the surface of your skin.
Peels are offered in the form of skins, over-the-counter creams, and other substances and tools. Your dermatologist can do this at home or in the office.
2. Determine your skin type
Before choosing a scrub, it is essential to determine your skin type. You don’t want to tear off your skin with essential oils or remove the skin barrier!
A. dry skin
This skin type tends to look dull and flaky. Dry skin is nothing more than dehydrated skin. They can have many dry and itchy spots.
B. Oily skin
A greasy and shiny appearance characterizes this skin type. Our skin is full of small pores under which the sebaceous glands are located. The sebum (oil) produced by these glands plays an essential role in maintaining healthy skin.
However, excessive sebum production can clog the pores and lead to the development of oil and acne.
C. Normal skin
Healthy skin is neither too oily nor too dry. The pH values of this skin type are balanced (4-7).
D. sensitive skin
If your skin reacts negatively to almost all skincare products on the market, you are likely to have sensitive skin. It can also be rinsed with changes in temperature or after eating spicy food.
3. Chemical peeling
Chemical peels use acids that penetrate deep into the skin and increase the rate of cell renewal. This exfoliation method is suitable for your skin as it has a long and progressive effect.
Certain chemical peels also strengthen the skin barrier (1). However, you can irritate your skin. Do a test patch before applying a chemical peel to your face and use it only two to three times a week.
A. Chemical peels
Chemoexfoliation or chemical peels target specific layers of skin to improve their appearance ultimately. It is a non-invasive procedure that is generally used to exfoliate or remove the top layer of skin.
Chemical peels are widely used by dermatologists around the world (2) and are used to treat acne, scars, wrinkles, fine lines, and hyperpigmentation in acne. These shells also improve the complexion and texture of the skin.
Chemical peels are classified according to the depth of penetration. Superficial peels target the top layer of skin. (3) Medium peels extend beyond the top layer and are used to treat skin conditions such as melasma and superficial acne scars. Deep peels target the lower layer and are used to treat more severe illnesses.
Your dermatologist may recommend a chemical peel based on your medical history. Superficial or medium-deep peels are generally recommended to remove dead skin cells.
B. Hydroxy acids (AHA and BHA)
Hydroxy acids are prevalent in the skincare industry and have been used in dermatology for many years. They are used to accelerate cell renewal and smooth skin structure (4). Acids come from plants and animals and occur naturally.
They come in the form of serums, creams, and lotions and are available in two types: alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) and beta-hydroxy acid (BHA). While the former is water-soluble, the latter is oil-soluble, making BHAs ideal for oily skin.
Beta-hydroxy acids help remove dead cells from the deeper layers of the skin. They also help reduce acne breakouts and scars. These acids are also used in many skincare products to combat hyperpigmentation.
Commonly used BHAs include:
Salicylic acid – obtained from plants
Enzymes are generally used on sensitive skin. They come from fruits, remove dead skin cells from your face, and are incredibly beneficial for improving the surface properties (6). However, they do not expose a new layer of skin and do not influence cell renewal. This makes it a safe option for sensitive skin.
4. Manual/physical peeling
You probably already have one. This type of exfoliation involves using pearls, a brush, or other tools to physically remove dead facial cells in addition to dirt and grime. Here are some options:
A. Peeling powder
These have become popular in the recent past. The peeling powders absorb the oil and remove dead skin cells. These powders also accelerate cell renewal, making it a convenient and easy-to-use option to get rid of dead, flaky skin.
Take a few drops of water and mix well with a tablespoon of powder to form a paste. Spread the dough carefully over your face. It is recommended to make a thick paste to get the best results.
B. dry brushing
With this method, stubborn and dead skin cells are removed from the face with a brush with small, soft bristles.
Before using a dry brush, make sure your skin is slightly damp to remove dead cells quickly. Gently brush the scaly skin in small circles for about 30 seconds. If you have minor cuts or cuts on your skin, avoid this technique.
If you usually have healthy skin, a clean washcloth can do the trick for you. Make sure you wet your skin and gently rub the washcloth in a circle over the affected area.
Microdermabrasion was first introduced in the 1980s and has been a popular method for skin rejuvenation ever since.
It is a minimally invasive procedure that can be performed in the office or from the comfort of your own home. The process uses a small portable device to remove the top layer of skin gently. (7)
If you have sensitive skin, microdermabrasion may not be the best option for you. This dead skin removal technique can put your skin at risk and cause it to become red and irritated (8). It can also cause hyperpigmentation. Ask your dermatologist for better advice.
Growing is an integral part of a beauty lover’s life. If you are a woman, you know how important it is for all of us to become. But did you know that waxing is also a great way to exfoliate your skin?
Hair removal is mainly done to depilate the hair follicles. But it can also act as a mechanical peel. It helps remove dead skin cells and dirt particles adhering to the skin. It is ideal every 2 to 8 weeks.
You now know why your skin is so fresh and radiant after every hair removal session!
5. Peels too strong for your skin
Regardless of your skin type, you should be careful about using scrubs that can damage your skin. Powerful peels with large particles can tear off your skin from essential oils and damage your barrier.
Do not use scrubs with:
- Sodium bicarbonate
- Coarse salt
- Using one of
these products can damage your skin and make it prone to inflammation and infection.
6. Precautions before exfoliating your skin
- It is always recommended to consult a dermatologist before using any substance or tool to exfoliate your skin. Your skin type also determines the effectiveness of the device you use.
- If you choose to peel or use an acidic substance, make a test patch first. If your skin doesn’t respond negatively, you can start peeling two or three times a week.
- Go slowly. Your skin is sensitive, and rubbing too hard or too quickly can cause microcracks and damage.
- If you choose chemical peels, make sure you use them at the concentrations recommended by your doctor.
7. Why is it important to do your peeling?
The accumulation of dead skin on your face can make it dry and dull. Dead skin cells can also clog the pores and prevent moisturizers from penetrating deep into the skin.
Exfoliation is recommended once or twice a week to keep your skin fresh and healthy. The process exposes healthy cells and allows moisturizers to penetrate deep into the skin.
Exfoliating your skin daily may not be a good option for your skin. Doing this too often can cause microcracks in the skin and destroy the skin barrier. This can lead to many other skin conditions like dry spots and acne. Therefore, follow all skincare tips with caution. Read More THE BEST WAY TO 10 TIPS TO AVOID DRY SKIN IN WINTER