In this article, we will tell you about acne treatment, and we will solve some doubts and myths about it. Most of us have gone through puberty, and the most notable of that stage and that several of us come to hate is acne on the face.
What is acne?
Acne is a common dermatological condition in adolescence. However, it may occur before or remain even after this stage has ended.
It persists until approximately 20 years, and if it is painful or severe treatment, it can have a significant emotional impact on the person who suffers from it, it can even alter the quality of life comparable to that experienced by people suffering from diseases such as diabetes.
At what age can it appear for the first time?
You may start to notice acne in boys and girls between the ages of 7 and 12. However, approximately 78% of boys and girls begin between the ages of 9 and 10.
Acne is indicative that pubertal maturation has begun.
If a boy or girl younger than seven years starts with acne, there may be a hormonal alteration in the background, which must be attended to by a specialist doctor, be it a pediatrician or endocrinologist.
In what parts of the body can acne appear?
It can appear anywhere on the body, except on the soles of the feet and palms of the hands, more frequently in the face (99%), back (60%), chest (15%). In some cases, it is accompanied by excessively oily skin.
How severe can acne become?
Acne has many variants and can be found with other dermatological diseases; in this article, we will talk about the classification that some doctors take for the treatment of “common” acne:
It appears at the beginning of puberty; there are no moderate or severe injuries; They are the pimples that frequently come out on our faces and are usually open and contain very little pus, closed or both.
Mild – moderate inflammatory acne:
They are grains that can measure up to 5 millimeters with painful areas around them.
Severe inflammatory acne:
The inflammation around the comedones worsens, being able to find painful nodules and scars. And acne does not subside.
Severe nodular acne:
Some nodules are painful and can measure approximately 10 millimeters, there are scars, and inflammatory lesions, abscesses, fistulas, and cysts can appear.
Starting with inflammatory acne, it is advisable to go to a dermatologist to evaluate the lesions and complete treatment, since it can be challenging to control, aggravate, and leave scars.
What is the most used acne treatment?
It is difficult to say which is the most used treatment for acne since some people use homemade methods, and others prefer to use products that are advertised in different media.
In the latter, we can mention those that have been tested with good results: products that have salicylic acid as their active ingredient, whether they are lotions for after washing your face or masks.
And benzoyl peroxide in concentrations ranging from 2.5% – 10%; It is one of the safest, most versatile, effective, and cheapest acne treatments. It is applied only once a day. If you are going to use it for the first time, you should be aware of the adverse effects that your skin may present, such as dryness, redness, and peeling; on clothes and hair, it can cause whitening and can cause allergies in less than 1% of users.
Some other acne treatments that need a prescription are cream and hormonal antibiotics.
Myths about acne
- Some adolescents believe that facial hygiene is related to the appearance of acne, so they choose to apply astringent substances or do vigorous brushing; These actions can aggravate acne because it increases inflammation in the skin, alters its pH and increases the risk of scarring.
- Antibacterial washes have not proven useful against acne, only benzoyl peroxide washes.
- Recommendations about what to eat and what not to eat correctly to prevent acne are currently not standardized. It is recommended to have a diet low in sugars in cases of moderate to severe acne and in individualized cases.
- Cosmetic products do not worsen acne, “oil-free” makeup is very beneficial; They improve the appearance, and with it, the quality of life of the person who uses them.
- Removing open comedones (pimples with pus) if done gently can be helpful for rapid improvement.
- Facial toners can decrease skin oil, but should not be overused because they can be irritating and would negatively affect any other acne treatment that is applied directly to the skin.