Hair loss in women can occur for several reasons, e.g. B. due to genetics, changes in hormone levels or as part of the natural aging process.
There are various treatments for hair loss in women, including topical medications like Rogaine. Other options include light therapy, hormone therapy, or in some cases, hair transplant.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approves Minoxidil for the treatment of hair loss. Sold under the name Rogaine along with other generic brands, people can buy over-the-counter (OTC) minoxidil. Minoxidil is safe for both men and women, and high levels of satisfaction are reported after use.
Minoxidil stimulates hair growth and can extend the growth cycle. This can thicken hair and reduce the appearance of blemishes or widening parting.
Minoxidil treatments are available in two strengths: the 2% solution must be applied twice a day for best results, while the 5% solution or foam must be used daily.
While instinct may be to choose the stronger solution, this is not necessary. Studies published in the International Journal of Women’s Dermatology and the Journal of American Academy of Dermatology have shown that 2% minoxidil is effective in women with androgenetic alopecia or baldness.
If a person is successful with Minoxidil, they should continue to use it indefinitely. If a person stops using Minoxidil, the hair, the growth of which depends on the drug, is likely to fall out in 6 months.
Side effects of Minoxidil are rare and generally mild. Some women may experience irritation or allergic reactions to product components such as alcohol or propylene glycol. Changing the formula or trying different brands can alleviate symptoms.
Some women may also experience significant hair loss early when using Minoxidil. This usually stops after the first few months of treatment as the hair becomes stronger.
Also, improper use of Minoxidil or its application to the forehead or neck can cause hair growth in these areas. Apply only Minoxidil to the scalp to avoid these side effects.
2. Eat a nutritious diet
A healthy diet can also promote natural hair growth. As a rule, a healthy diet contains a variety of foods, including many different types of fruit and vegetables. These include many essential nutrients and compounds that help keep skin and hair healthy.
The iron content can also play a role in hair health. Women with hair loss can have a blood test done by their doctor to find out if they have an iron deficiency. A doctor may recommend an iron-rich diet or taking an iron supplement.
3. Platelet-rich plasma
Initial evidence suggests that platelet-rich plasma injections can also help reduce hair loss. In the case of a plasma-rich dose, a doctor draws the person’s blood, separates the platelet-rich plasma from the blood and injects it back into the scalp at the affected areas. This speeds up tissue repair.
A recent review published in Aesthetic Plastic Surgery found that most studies indicate that this therapy reduces hair loss, increases hair density, and increases the diameter of individual hairs.
However, since most studies have been microscopic so far, the review requires further investigation using platelet-rich plasma to treat androgenic alopecia.
4. Hair transplant
In some cases, where the person does not respond well to treatment, doctors may recommend a hair transplant. To do this, small pieces of the scalp are taken and added to the bald areas to enlarge the hair in the area naturally. Hair transplant therapy can be more expensive than other treatments and not for everyone.
5. Hormone therapy
For example, if hormonal imbalances due to menopause cause hair loss, doctors can recommend some form of hormone therapy to correct them.
Some possible treatments include oral contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy for estrogen or progesterone.
Other options are antiandrogen drugs like spironolactone. Androgens are hormones that can accelerate hair loss in some women, especially women with polycystic ovarian syndrome, who generally produce more androgens.
Antiandrogens can stop the production of androgens and prevent hair loss. These drugs can cause side effects. Therefore, always talk to your doctor about what to expect and whether the antiandrogens are sufficient.
Some women may also respond to corticosteroid injections. Doctors only use this treatment if this is necessary for diseases such as alopecia areata. Alopecia areata causes a person’s hair to fall out at random spots.
According to the National Alopecia Areata Foundation, injecting corticosteroids directly into the bald patch can stimulate new hair growth. However, this cannot prevent other hair from falling out. Topical corticosteroids, available as creams, lotions, and other supplements, can also reduce hair loss.
7. Use anti-hair loss shampoos
Minor hair loss can occur due to clogged pores on the scalp. Using medical shampoos to clean the pores of dead skin cells can help promote healthy hair. This can help eliminate minor signs of hair loss.
Ketoconazole can help treat hair loss in some cases, such as androgenetic alopecia, where inflammation of the hair follicles often contributes to hair loss.
A review published in the International Journal of Women’s Dermatology found that topical ketoconazole can help reduce inflammation and improve hair strength and appearance.
Ketoconazole is available as a shampoo. Nizoral is the most famous brand and can be bought online without a prescription. Nizoral contains a low concentration of ketoconazole, but higher levels require a doctor’s prescription.