WHAT IS MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY AND WHEN IS IT NECESSARY?

WHAT IS MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY AND WHEN IS IT NECESSARY?

The dental or dentistry is the branch of medicine that is responsible for the study, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases of the oral cavity and adjacent structures as a whole (the teeth, gums, lips, tongue, palate, salivary glands, jaw joint, etc.).

There are many specialties of dentistry; one of them is maxillofacial surgery. Below we explain what it is and when it is necessary to perform a maxillofacial surgery treatment in Barcelona.

WHAT IS MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY?

Maxillofacial surgery, also known as orthognathic surgery, refers to the medical specialty dedicated to the study, prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of problems related to the anatomical structures of the face, skull, head, and neck, as well as of the oral cavity, jaws, and teeth.

The maxillofacial surgeon in Barcelona agrees in many areas of treatment with the dentist. Still, he is also specialized and has extensive knowledge in oral and maxillofacial surgery that includes complicated extractions, bone grafts, and dental implants, among many other treatments.

The difference between a maxillofacial surgeon and a dentist is that the former is a doctor compared to the latter. Thus, professionals specializing in maxillofacial surgery have training that brings together dental knowledge and medical knowledge in head and neck, in oncology and facial reconstructive surgery, dentofacial anomalies and facial aesthetics, pathology of salivary glands, mandibular joint and rash dental, bone reconstruction of the jaws and rehabilitation with dental implants. It is a medical-surgical specialty, with a period of specialized hospital training of five years through the MIR. Top 9 tips for oral care

The specialist in maxillofacial surgery in Barcelona, ​​although it may coincide in some of the treatments he performs at the dentist, unlike, he specializes in maxillary surgery, bone grafts, or complete dental extractions. 

The following treatments are those performed by a maxillofacial surgeon:

  • Maxillary reconstruction for some reason for genetic malformation, accidents, etc.
  • Extraction of oral tumors.
  • Extraction of oral cysts.
  • Complex dental extractions.
  • Bone grafts.
  • Removal of wisdom teeth near the nerve.
  • Reconstructions and post-cancer treatment in the head and neck area.

In this way, doctors specializing in oral and maxillofacial surgery in Barcelona can offer you extensive experience in the diagnosis and treatment of all those problems related to the oral cavity, the face and the facial structure.

WHEN IS MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY NECESSARY?

Maxillofacial surgery is necessary mainly to solve functional and aesthetic problems caused by deformities of the facial skeleton that cause an incorrect position and contact between the teeth. Many times, orthodontics (brackets) do not give an effective solution to these problems, so that is when you should resort to maxillofacial surgery.

In this way, maxillofacial or orthognathic surgery provides solutions in many cases to people with problems of ” malocclusion” (a lousy placement of our teeth that does not allow the denture to fit correctly), as well as a wrong position or decompensation in terms of size of the upper jaw and jaw, creating an imbalance in facial appearance.

Thus, the main objective of maxillofacial surgery is to achieve excellent occlusion stability to obtain optimal functionality and bucofacial aesthetics of the patient.

WHAT ARE THE PHASES OF MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY?

The maxillofacial surgery l is divided into four phases:

1. Study and planning. 

The first is to obtain an accurate diagnosis to plan the entire process in detail; the surgeon and the orthodontist must do it together. In this phase, a facial analysis, model analysis, radiographs, soft tissue study, and three-dimensional study are performed. In this way, the traits that must be modified are correctly assessed.

2. Orthodontics.

Orthodontics will be applied before the operation, and its primary function is to rectify the wrong dental placement, this phase usually lasts approximately 18 months and is fundamental and inevitable.

3. Surgical intervention.

This is the phase where the occlusion of the patient’s teeth is correctly placed, general anesthesia is used, which entails a brief hospitalization.

4. Postoperative.

The postoperative period involves an inflammation of the area that can remain between 6 weeks and six months, varies depending on the recovery capacity of each person. It is advisable to apply ice packs, sleep with your head elevated, increase physical activity to help and speed up the healing process.

It is essential to consider the long-term maintenance of the treatment performed by the maxillofacial surgeon in Barcelona. For this, it is necessary to start from a correct planning phase, observe and control all aspects, and apply the appropriate treatment and protocol. The placement of retention after treatment to maintain the correct dental position we have achieved.

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